TRAVEL TIPS FOR TANZANIA
British Airways fly direct to Dar es Salaam, from Heathrow, three times weekly. Other carriers operate to Tanzania via Europe. KLM, from Amsterdam, to Dar es Salaam and Kilimanjaro daily and Swiss, from Zurich, to Dar es Salaam five times a week. In addition, Emirates fly to Dar es Salaam via Dubai; Egyptian Air via Cairo; Ethiopian via Addis Ababa; Oman Air via Muscat; Qatar Airways via Doha; and Turkish Airlines via Istanbul.
Regional carriers onto Tanzania include Air Malawi, Air Uganda, Fly 540, Kenya Airways, South African Airways and Zambezi Airlines.
Domestic carriers such as Air Tanzania, Coastal Aviation, Flightlink, Precision Air, Regional Air Services, Safari Air link, Safari Plus and ZanAir link the major cities, with tourist attractions and game parks. Air Tanzania, Coastal Aviation, Precision and ZanAir fly between the mainland and Zanzibar.
International flights serve Julius Nyerere International Airport (DAR), 15 km from Dar es Salaam city and Kilimanjaro International Airport (JRO), 55 km from Arusha and 40 km from Moshi. Zanzibar International Airport (ZNZ) airport is 8 km from Stone Town.
PASSPORTS AND VISAS
Most visitors require visas with the exception of citizens of certain countries of the Commonwealth. It is advisable to obtain them in advance from Embassies and High Commissions as several airlines insist on them prior to departure. They can however also be obtained, on arrival, at all points of entry. Requirement may change so you are advised to contact the appropriate diplomatic or consular authority before finalizing your travel arrangements. Although part of the union of Tanzania, Zanzibar remains in depend so, passports/Tanzania visas are required even in a day’s visit.
IMMUNISATION AND HEALTH
It is essential that all visitors take a course of anti-malaria tablets commencing two weeks before departure. The UK Department of Health also recommends vaccination against hepatitis A, polio and typhoid. Personal insurance is advised. Travelers arriving from, or via, countries where yellow fever is endemic will need a Certificate of Vaccination although vaccination is available on arrival. Hospitals provide good medical care in cities and towns. Flying Doctors facilities are also available.
WHAT TO TAKE
Don’t forget the camera, camcorder and binoculars and take a torch for finding a way around your camp at night. Stock up with replacement batteries for all these goods. Take sun-glasses, hat, sun lotion, lip balm – and some insect repellant, it is better not to get stung even of you are taking anti-malaria tablets. Its best to take any medicines required for the duration of the visit. A spare pair of glasses or contact lenses also a good idea. Take plenty of films and memory cards for Digital Cameras, it is difficult to obtain outside the main centers. While traveler’s cheques can be exchanged in cities and towns, banking facilities in remote areas are restricted, so take plenty of cash.
Some safaris/air charters limit baggage to a 10-15 kilo maximum.
English is widely spoken but a few words of Swahili are always appreciated.
The unit of currency is the Tanzania shilling which is divided into 100 cents. Most major currencies – particularly US dollars – and travelers; cheques are accepted and may be converted at banks and bureau de change in the main towns and tourists areas. Do NOT change money in the street however favorable the rates appears. It should be noted that not all establishments accept credit cards and certain cards, particularly Dinners and American Express, are frequently refused even by major hotels. MasterCard and Visa are preferred but do note that credit card processing fees may be applicable.
Distances in Tanzania are vast, and traveling by road can be tiring. It is wise to spend enough time in fewer parks so if you have less time then we suggest that you choose to visit just a few of the popular national parks. You will see more and won’t feel too exhausted when you return home Keep your distance from animals to avoid distressing them. Always follow the instructions of your ranger or guide. Don’t leave your vehicle in the parks except in designated places. Keep to recognised tracks to avoid damaging vegetation.
WHAT TO WEAR
It never gets really cold in Tanzania so lightweight clothing is the norm. On safari avoid brightly colored clothes, they may they alarm the animals. Browns, beiges and khaki are preferred. Shorts-sleeves shirts/blouses and shorts are ideal, but pack a sweater, it can be chilly in the early morning and in the evening. Wear a hat to avoid sun-stroke and don’t forget a swimsuit. Shoes should be sensible – walking through the bush is not like strolling through Hyde Park – and for climbing Kilimanjaro or Mount Meru take thermal underwear, a rain jacket, good socks and sturdy boots. Shorts for women are acceptable – but not too short. Women should carry a wrap to cover their legs in towns or villages as revealing clothes can close offence, especially in Zanzibar and other Muslim areas. On the beach, and within the confines of beach hotels, normal swimwear is acceptable but nudity certainly is not.
Not normally obligatory but a tip for exceptional service will be appreciated. We recommend the following as a guide to tipping: $10.00 to $15.00 per day for Driver-Guides, $2.00 per suitcase for Porters and $5.00 for Waiters/Waitresses per sitting (Lunch and/or Dinner)
Clothing should be light weight, loose-fitting and of "breathable" fabrics, such as cotton. For the daytime, shorts and T-shirts are most comfortable. While out in the bush you will find that neutral colors are best as they blend in with the natural surroundings and show the dust least. It is advised to avoid bright colors. The nights at the higher elevations like Ngorongoro gets to be quite cool, so you should also bring a sweater or a jacket.
You will find many different opinions of what is safe and what is not. We recommend local bottled mineral water to be drank for peace of mind.
You are strongly advised to have your own insurance to cover baggage, personal injury or accident and medical attention.
It is prohibited to take pictures of State house, airports, military installations, police stations, government facilities, any border post, soldiers or police or any person. Please always seek advice from your driver guide before taking pictures.
While on safari, make sure you have some way of protecting your camera from dust. As most of the safari game viewing takes place in the early morning and late afternoon, 100 or 200 ASA film is probably best to use. A telephoto or zoom lens is recommended.
Baggage should be kept to a minimum, one main lightweight bag with soft sides and one overnight bag are adequate. On flying safaris, baggage is limited to 15 Kgs.
As in most major international cities, sensible security measures should be observed. Keep a close watch on purses, handbags, wallets and cameras. Avoid wearing expensive or flashy jewelry. It is advisable to hire a taxi if you wish to move around at night and for your personal safety, avoid dark, deserted lanes and streets. If you are with our driver guides then it is best to leave the cameras and other equipment with him when you are walking around.
FLYING DOCTOR MEMBERSHIP
A temporary Flying Doctor Membership is recommended to cover air medical evacuation to Nairobi. Participation fee is US $25 for Northern Tanzania and US$ 50 for Southern Tanzania.
Tanzania has only one time zone. Local time is GMT+3 and Daylight Savings Time is not used.